Getting Health Insurance When You’re Self-Employed Or Retired Early

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Getting Health Insurance When You’re Self-Employed Or Retired Early

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Whether you're self-employed or early retired, one of the biggest challenges you face is getting health insurance. Many employees have the benefit of an employer subsidized health insurance
plan. That's almost always the best deal possible. As an employee, you may pay $400 per month on the plan the cost $1,000, with the balance being covered by your employer.

Since the rollout of the Affordable Care Act, the only health insurance plans available to individuals are in the individual state health insurance exchanges. If you've done any
investigating on those sites, you're painfully aware how expensive private health insurance can be.

But are there alternative sources for health insurance that might offer less expensive options when you're self-employed or early retired?

As much as we'd like to say we've found the hidden treasure trove of inexpensive health insurance, we can't. But we can point you in the direction of several sources of options that
might enable you to obtain more affordable health insurance.

As you read through these options, please keep in mind there are no perfect health insurance plans out there, at least not one you can buy on the cheap. As well, some of the non-profits listed below don't give a whole lot of information about their plans. In many cases, they request information so that you can be contacted by a licensed health insurance agent.

There's no way to know exactly how that will play out, but if you're searching for different health insurance options, each may be worth a try.

The Writer’s Guild of America

I'm including this one at the top of the list, because it's probably the most frequently cited health insurance source, at least for bloggers. The connection of course isn't far fetched, since blogging is a form of writing.

At the same time I’m also hoping to put to rest the assumption that it extends to bloggers. The official name of the benefits plan is the Writers’ Guild of America Theatrical and Television Minimum Basic Agreement. That should be a clue.

Research into this plan provided the following insights:

  • To be eligible, your writing activity must be in the theatrical and television industries. It’s very specific.
  • You are only eligible to participate if your employer sponsors the plan, and also makes contributions on your behalf.
  • A call to the organization confirmed that bloggers are not eligible to be members of the Guild, or to participate in the health program.

So there you have it. If this source shows up on any lists in the future, and you're hoping to qualify as a blogger, just ignore it and move on. There's no health insurance to be had here.

Related: Side Hustle Series: Freelance Writing

Affiliated Workers Association

The Affiliated Workers Association; is an organization established to provide benefits and resources to its members. Membership includes entrepreneurs, self-employed professionals, small business owners, and independent contractors, all of whom must be at least 18 years of age. Eligibility is available in all 50 states.

Unfortunately, the Association does not offer a full blown health insurance policy to its members. Instead, they provide short term medical, which provides benefits for terms of one, two, or three
months, less one day. Because they are short term plans, they’ll work at best as interim coverage.

You have to contact the association to get premium rates.

If short term coverage will work for you, the plan covers doctor visits, hospital confinement, emergency room visits, surgery, anesthesia, urgent care, nursing and home health facilities, mental health, physical health, and even transplant benefits. Services are available through the Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) network through Aetna.

Be careful with short-term medical plans though. They generally don’t cover pre-existing
conditions.

In addition to short term medical coverage, the association also offers accidental insurance, dental insurance, and prescription and vision insurance.

Associated for Computing Machinery

Associated Computing Machinery is a trade organization established for computer professionals, which is a good thing since so many computer professionals are either self-employed or work on a
contract basis.

They offer short term medical, dental insurance, accidental death and dismemberment, long term care, and disability income plans.

But the plan of greatest interest is their major medical. The plan is available through Healthinsurance.com and Mercer Consumer, which provide online medical insurance quotes.

Depending on your state of residence, you may be eligible for either a PPO or HMO. They also have medical spending accounts available, as well as fee for service plans. Coverage is available for you and your eligible family members. If you are a business owner you can also qualify for a group plan for both you and your employees.

The plan typically does not require a medical exam, but for certain plans you may need to provide evidence of good health. You can get a health insurance quote either by applying online, or by calling a licensed insurance agent.

The Freelancer's Union

Freelancer’s Union takes in more than 375,000 members, representing the 57 million independent workers across the country. Membership is free and open to all types of freelancers, including moonlighters.

The organization does offer health insurance, as well as term life, disability, liability, and dental insurance.

On the health insurance side, they do direct you to Healthcare.gov. But they also have PPO plans through both Cigna and Emblem Health. Each plan provides both in network and out of
network coverage.

To qualify, you have to be an independent contractor or small business owner. You can also include your employees in the coverage, if you have any. You must also have a minimum income of $1,950 per month, as well as an employer identification number for your business.

Now here's the bad news: The coverage is available only if you are located in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, or Pennsylvania.

You also have to hire a Professional Employer Organization (PEO) acting as an outsourced human resources department, then set up monthly payroll.

They warned that the PPO coverage may be more expensive than what's available on the individual market, which looks as if the plans involve setting up employer group plans. If so, this coverage might work best if you're a small business that has employees to help share the cost.

National Association for the Self Employed

The National Association for the Self Employed, or NASE, was formed in 1981 to provide support, access to experts, benefits, and consolidated buying power for the self-employed. It claims to be the largest nonprofit, nonpartisan association of its kind in the US.

The information looks promising, but you're directed to provide information so that you will be contacted by a licensed insurance agent.

In the sidebar there is a section; Featured Benefits: Small Business Health Insurance, which is offered through “USHEALTH Group Insurance subsidiaries, MetLife, Assurant, Golden Rule and others”. But When you try to click through, you’re brought to an error page.

Alliance for Affordable Services

The Alliance for Affordable Services; is another non-profit organization representing thousands of small business owners and individuals nationwide. They provide various types of benefits including accidental death, a prescription card, a dental discount plan, life insurance, and mail service pharmacy.

They offer health insurance, or more precisely access to health insurance, but provide little information as to exactly what's offered. Instead, they say they can have a licensed professional
insurance agent contact you about available options in your state.

Now let's move beyond non-profit associations that offer health insurance, to some more hands-on options.

Take a High Deductible ACA Plan and Add an HSA or a Dedicated Emergency Fund

Here you return to the Affordable Care Act plans, which is also just where you may end up if you apply for coverage through any of the non-profits above. But if you do it right, you may be able
to get an ACA plan that's a lot less expensive than you think.

  • If your income is low enough, which may be the case if you are early retired, you may be entitled to a tax credit that significantly reduces the cost of your premiums.
  • If you're self employed, the cost of health insurance premiums are tax deductible, at least for federal income tax purposes.
  • You can deduct the cost of the premiums even if you don't itemize, and coverage can include your family.

But still another option is to take a plan on the health insurance exchanges–one with a high deductible to minimize the cost–then add either a health savings account (HSA) or an emergency fund to cover it.

The HSA has the added benefit of also being tax deductible, even if you don’t itemize. For 2018 you can put as much as $3,450 if you’re in individual, or $6,900 if you’re a family, into the plan. Alternatively, you can use an emergency fund for the same purpose. The money you put into the account isn't tax deductible, but if you don't use it for health care purposes, it'll be available
for anything else you want to do with it.

An ACA/HSA/Emergency Fund Example

You can check out plans and premiums on HealthCare.gov’s Health Insurance plans and; prices page. (The Official enrollment runs from November 1st to December 15th, but you
can go on this site and run numbers anytime.)

Let's say you are a married couple, each 40 years old, with no children, living in Atlanta, and earning $100,000 per year. The following policies are available through Kaiser Permanente:

If you take the plan with the lowest deductible–$1,000–your monthly premium will be $1,122. But if you take the plan with the $7,000 deductible, the monthly payment drops to $984.

But you can take the plan with the lower premium, and nearly cover the deductible with a $6,900 contribution to an HSA account. And if you're self-employed, you get tax deductions for both. Whatever funds you have in the HSA that have not been spent, can simply stay in the account can be used in future years.

You can do the same thing with an emergency fund, using it to cover the deductible. Alternatively, let's say you decide to take a plan with the deductible of $10,000. You could put $6,900 into the HSA, and another $3,100 into the emergency fund.

None of these options are cheap, but they can be tax deductible, and you will retain any money in either the HSA or the emergency fund that isn't spent.

Part-time Jobs with Health Insurance

On the surface, this may not seem like a perfect solution either (but remember, we said there aren’t any!). But if you're self-employed, you're probably familiar with the concept of maintaining
multiple income sources. By making one of them a part time job, you might also be able to get health insurance at the same time. And though it runs counter to the whole idea of early retirement, you might look into one of these job situations if you're getting bored, and looking for a little something to do on the side.

Most everyone has heard of Starbucks in connection with part time jobs offering health insurance. But you may be surprised to learn the diversity of employers providing it. The list includes banks and credit unions, hospitals, county and municipal governments, colleges and universities, airlines, and a wider variety of retailers than you might imagine.

You can check out some of the options on this guide I put together, 20 Part-time Jobs with Health Insurance.

At a minimum, a part time job with health insurance may provide a valuable bridge between other options. One might be where you retire at 62, and won’t be eligible for Medicare until
you’re 65.

Related: Planning For Healthcare In Early Retirement

Christian Health Sharing Ministries

These aren't health insurance policies in the traditional sense, but rather plans in which people pool their money together through monthly contributions, to pay the medical expenses of
participating individuals. That's basically health insurance, but the set up is a lot less formal.

However, the plans are fully ACA compliant, and work much the same way as traditional insurance.

Four examples of Christian health sharing ministries include:

The big advantage with these plans is that they cost considerably less than traditional health insurance. In the screenshot below, we see the cost of a policy for a family headed by an individual at age 40.

The “Annual Household Portion” is the deductible, while the “Standard Monthly Share” is the payment. (“Healthy Monthly Share” applies if you meet certain health criteria.)

As you can see, the monthly contribution for family coverage with a $3,000 deductible–which is quite reasonable by today's standards–is $720. That's substantially less than the premium
amounts on the ACA policies we pulled up above for a couple with no children, and much higher
deductibles.

Christian health sharing ministries however are not without their limitations. As the name implies, you must be a Christian to qualify. Some have very specific requirements in that regard,
that would even exclude casual Christians.

You also may not be accepted into the plan if you have a pre-existing condition, like diabetes or heart disease. However, some do offer an up-charge on the monthly contribution if you have a
pre-existing condition.

Final Thoughts on Getting Health Insurance When You’re Self-Employed or Early Retired

You're probably tired of hearing it, but it's worth repeating: there are no secret inexpensive health insurance options available any more. If you aren’t covered by an employer plan, any plan you take will be a compromise in some direction. But the options we've provided above will at least give you an opportunity do a thorough search of what might be available for you.

Investigate each, and see if you can find a plan that works for you.

Related Articles:

Getting Health Insurance When You’re Self-Employed Or Retired Early

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2 thoughts on “Getting Health Insurance When You’re Self-Employed Or Retired Early

  1. Thank you for covering so much information. I have a question on the HSA. I read on healthinsurance.org that to qualify for a HSA that your out of pocket maximum can not be over $6750 for individual and $13500 for a family. On the example in the article the out of pocket maximum was $14,700, so wouldn’t that prevent them from having an HSA? I don’t understand why exceeding out of pocket maximum of $13500 would prevent a family from contributing to an HSA, I hope that I am just misunderstanding the guidelines.

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